Friday, January 20, 2017

Éducation : Science dans la classe : de Apollo à Pluto






Eugene Cernan sur la Lune, le 12 décembre 1972
crédits: Harrison J. Schmitt/Nasa
https://www.nasa.gov/

Non. Ce n'est de votre temps. Mais de vos parents et de vos professeurs. Le jour où un astronaute américain s'est promené sur la lune. C'était le 20 juin 1968. Nous n'avons pas dormi de la nuit, rien que pour regarder live sur la télévision cet incroyable événement.

Et bien, le dernier homme à avoir foulé la surface de la Lune en 1972 fut l'Américain Eugene Cernan. Il vient de mourir à l'âge de 82 ans, le dernier lundi 16 janvier 2017.





Neil Amstrong sur la Lune, 1968

Le premier homme à avoir marché sur la Lune, Neil Armstrong, est mort le 25 août 2012.

Le dernier homme à avoir marché sur la Lune, Eugene Cernan, est beaucoup moins connu vient de mourir.

Cela a afait quarante quatre ans, vendredi 14 décembre 2016, que son pied a quitté le sol de notre satellite, trois jours après l’alunissage de la mission Apollo 17.





Apollo 17 Commander Eugene Cernan and the U.S. flag on the lunar surface.
Credits: NASA


Notes biographiques:

Après un cursus universitaire scientifique,Eugene Cernan devient pilote d'avion de chasse dans la marine de guerre américaine. Il est recruté dans le corps des astronautes en 1963 par la NASA.





Eugene Cernan pendant sa marche sur ls Lune
Juin, 1966, Gemini IXA
crédits: NASA

Cernan est un des deux astronautes de la mission Gemini 9 au cours de laquelle il effectue la deuxième sortie extravéhiculaire américaine. Il est copilote à bord du module lunaire de la mission Apollo 10 qui effectue une répétition de l'atterrissage sur la Lune en s'approchant à moins de 14 km de sa surface.







Enfin, il est le commandant de la mission Apollo 17, la dernière mission du programme Apollo et à ce titre le dernier homme à avoir marché sur la Lune.

Au cours de celle-ci, Cernan effectue avec Harrison H. Schmitt trois sorties extravéhiculaires sur le sol lunaire d'une durée totale de 22 heures 4 minutes dans la vallée Taurus-Littrow.




La bille bleue 
la Terre vue par les membres de la mission Apollo 17 
crédits: NASA
@NASA


Les deux astronautes collectent 110 kilogrammes de roches lunaires et parcourent à bord de leur véhicule 36 kilomètres, établissant un nouveau record dans tous ces domaines.

Sur la liste des douze hommes ayant marché sur la Lune que publiait le New York Times après la mort de Neil Armstrong, Gene Cernan est listé en avant-dernier, pour une raison subtile: son coéquipier, le scientifique Harrison Schmitt, est devenu le dernier homme à poser le pied pour la première fois sur la Lune car il est sorti après lui du module lunaire, mais il y est aussi rentré avant lui, laissant à Cernan le titre de dernier homme sur la Lune.





Cernan/ Apollo 17 
Taurus-Littrow 
crédits: NASA
https://www.nasa.gov/

"Alors que nous quittons la Lune à Taurus-Littrow [une vallée lunaire, NDLR], nous partons comme nous sommes arrivés et, si Dieu le veut, comme nous reviendrons, en paix et avec de l’espoir pour toute l’humanité. Bon vent à l’équipage d’Apollo 17"

Eugene Cernan

Les missions Apollo 18, 19 et 20, prévues au programme, avaient auparavant été reportées puis annulées par la Nasa en 1970.





New Horizons Alan Stern comtent des premiers images du voyage à Pluto
crédits: NASA

Après lui, le prochain humain sur la Lune pourrait y aller, non pas au nom d’un pays ou de l’humanité, mais en tourisme privé, peut-être?

Pour le moment, Alan Stern, ancien administrateur de la direction des missions scientifiques de la Nasa conduit son programme New Horizons le  voyage à Pluto commencé en 2015.




carte de Pluto basée d'après le survol
 New Horizons pendant le survol de Pluto en juillet 2015.
crédits: NASA/JHUAPL/SwRI

Le premier ensemble d'images et d'autres données recueillies par le vaisseau spatial New Horizons de la NASA lors du survol du 14 juillet de Pluton, retourné à la Terre le 15 juillet, a obligé les scientifiques du projet à réévaluer leur compréhension de la planète nain et de ses lunes.








Éducation: 


A propos du concours Faites voyager vos histoires dans l'espace, et du premier astronaute français dans l'espace, Thomas Pesquet, les enseignants de sciences et langues peuvent inviter les étudiants à connaître un peu mieux la grande odyssée de l'espace dès 1968 jusqu'à présent, en passant par le dernier astronaute qui a marché sur la Lune, Eugene Cernan.

Et puisque ils ont certainement accomgné len direct le survol Space Horizons à Pluto, faites-leur découvrir toutes les nouveautés en ligne sur le site NASA.

C'est sûr que ça leur donnera des idées pour créer son histoire à présenter au concours.


G-Souto

20.01.2017
Copyright © 2017G-Souto'sBlog, gsouto-digitalteacher.blogspot.com®

Creative Commons License

Éducation : Science dans la classe : de Apollo à Pluto bG-Souto is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.



Monday, January 16, 2017

Civics Education : Martin Luther King's Day : Unity





Google doodles are awesome experiences for almost every important personality in science, literature, art, human rights, technology.


After Doodles celebrating Sandford Fleming, the inventor of system of international standard time, Carrie Derick, a Canadian botanist and geneticist, here Martin Luther King, Jr Day.
Today, the beautiful tradition of Doodles beginning on August 1998, honores Martin Luther King, Jr DayOne of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s major themes was unity.


Google Doodle Martin Luther King Jr. Day 2017

The Doodle, a watercolor-like depiction of several races and sexes of people holding hands, is vibrant and powerful. It highlights the achievements of the civil rights leader, whose birthday is honored each year with a national holiday in the US. 

Monday 16 isn't King's real birthday. King was born January 15. But a federal holiday signed into law in 1983 sets aside the third Monday of each January to observe his birthday.

Today's Doodle, by guest artist Keith Mallett, captures one of the major themes of King's speeches and writing: unity

"All life is interrelated," he said. "We are all made to live together." 

King's message of nonviolence and love, delivered in magnificent speeches and masterful writing, shaped the American civil rights movement and inspired activists worldwide. 





Martin Luther King Jr. Nobel Peace Prize

Martin L. King Jr was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. He adhered to Gandhi's philosophy of nonviolenceKing urged Americans of all races to keep "working toward a world of brotherhood, cooperation, and peace."  

Doodle also doubles as a promotion for the curated collection of Civil Rights photography from the High Museum of Art in Atlanta.





Education:

He taught that we are all capable of lighting the way to "the bright daybreak of freedom and justice," and that we can unite to show that "love is the most durable power in the world."

As in Mandela Day, teachers can invite the students to take action and inspire change by celebrating Human Rigts Day in school honoring  King's message of nonviolence and love. Introduce Civics activities in a cross-curricular plan.

Some activities:
  • Make peace with an unfried. Get to know someone in the school from a different cultural background and through mutual understanding rid intolerance and xenofobia.
  • Read to someone who can't. Visit a local home for old people or for blind people and open up a new world for someone else.
  • Help someone at the supermarket, on the street or someone who is a bit lost in the city or can't find the right bus, for example.
  • Visit an hospital and speak to ill people or ill children. Take a little time to have a chat and bring some sunshine into their lives.
  • Grab blankets that you no longer need from home and give them to homeless people.
  • Help out at a local animal shelter. Dogs and cats without homes still need a walk or a bit of love.
  • Make a Peace concert at school by writing some lyrics about peace, social inclusion and adjusting to a tune that students love. Invite the local community to listen it.
  • Deliver computer literacy workshops to older people in school (grandparents, neighbours,  community).

Literacy is probably the most important skill for an individual to acquire and develop. An empowerment tool that gives access to further education and new opportunities. 
ICT skills complete the education of all in our days. However, unity is one of the most important values to pledge.

Resources:
The High Museum is one of the only venues to see a significant collection of photos from the Civil Rights movement. 

Over 300 photos paint a picture of various moments in Civil Rights history like Rosa Park's arrest and the multitude of social protests.

Nobel Peace Prize Martin Luther King Jr : facts, biography, Nobel lecture, acceptance speech.





Peace Doves game

Games:

Peace Doves Game: Invite your younger students to play the Nobel Peace Dove game to disarm the world with the help og peace doves.


Students have eight 'Peace Doves', each able to disarm one of the eight countries possessing nuclear weapons. They try the game and learn more about nuclear disarmament.
The game takes place in space, and features doves with names like "Lady Juliet," "Dolores," and "Peggy Sue." 
The introduction makes is redolent of the opening of "Star Wars" with on-screen text scrolling up, before asking, "Are you Ready?"
Promoted on the homepage, the online game resides in the Educational section of the Nobel Prize website.

"The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and critically. Intelligence plus character - that is the goal of true education."

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

G-Souto

16.01.2017
Copyright © 2017G-Souto'sBlog, gsouto-digitalteacher.blogspot.com®

Creative Commons License

Civics Education : Martin Luther King's Day : Unity bG-Souto is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Tuesday, January 10, 2017

Schools : Underwater Museo Atlántico : Environment & Artistic Culture education






Lampedusa clean
credits Sculpture: Jason deCaires Taylor


The Museo Atlántico has been conceived as a place to promote education and preserve and protect the marine and natural environment as an integral part of the system of human values. 

Jason deCaires Tayor, the artist and creator, sends us a latent message in his work: the defence of the oceans.


This museum project will create a huge artificial reef made up of a series of pH neutral cement sculptures which, over time, will help the marine biomass flourish and facilitate the reproduction of species on the island.





Rubicon growth
credits Sculpture: Jason deCaires Taylor

Tribute:


The Museo Atlantico is the first underwater museum in Europe. Located in the Canary Islands, it’s a monument to the thousands of – forgotten – refugees crossing the Mediterranean Sea.






Information: 

The Museo Atlántico Lanzarote: Biosfera, Arte y Naturaleza, is a submarine work of art, made of sculptures of refugees – portrayed as shipwrecked people – trying to reach Europe, now lies off the coasts of Lanzarote, one of the Spanish islands of the Canaries. 

The museum is 12 metres deep down pristine waters near the south coast of Lanzarote, in the Bahía de Las Coloradas, a place that was chosen mainly due to the physical characteristics of its sea bottom. It covers a 2,500-square-metre surface that divers and scuba divers will have access to. 

The museum will be a tourist and cultural attraction.




Jason deCaires Taylor
credits: Jason deCaires Taylor

The sculptures by the artist Jason deCaires Taylor make up Europe’s first underwater museum set to be open to public as of 25 February.






Other major projects include Museo Atlantico (2016), a collection over 300 submerged sculptures and architectural forms in Lanzarote, Spain, the first of its kind in European waters. The Rising Tide (2016 Thames London) and Ocean Atlas a monumental 60-ton single sculpture located in the Bahamas.





credits Sculpture: Jason deCaires Taylor


Education:

Art, and in turn the art gallery, has an essential role to play in fostering care and understanding of marine ecologies. Because of the brevity of most people’s exposure to our ocean environments, the concerns of the oceans fall from the forethought of people’s minds. 

The main goal is to develop environmental and artistic culture, introducing other educational areas in the school programs, through a multidisciplinary perspective. 





credits: Jason deCaires Taylor

Therefore, exposure of a wider audience to marine ecologies combined with the educative function of galleries encourages prolonged thought on the condition of the environment and the role that humans can play in ensuring its continued health, or indeed its destruction. 

Over the past few decades, we have lost over 40% of our natural coral reefs. Scientists predict a permanent demise of 80% by 2050.


Some thoughts on education:

As my usual readers know I make a lot of research online to discover new resources that can be adapted to the school curriculum.

It's not the first time I found wonderful things to share with teachers. Th internet has this awesome side. Discovering, learning, and disseminating beautiful ideas.

Jason deCaires Taylor is an artist who cares about environment. It's engaged to different causes: oceans, global warming, over fishing, tourism inpact.




On the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development what a better resource can we get to explore the themes into school curriculum?

Some objectives:


  • ‹To improve the understanding of how sustainable tourism contributes to the aforementioned five areas in both developing and developed countries ‹ 

  • To promote tools and mechanisms for the monitoring and the measurement of tourism’s positive and negative impacts.




Drago Hybrid growth
credits: Jason deCaires Taylor

The Museo Atlántico can be a beautiful school visit that teachers can prepared with the help of the students to do in Easter holiday or Summer holiday.

Environmental Education through Art puts "together environmental learning for the education and the development of skills and values that allow to re-evaluate behaviours and its consequences upon the environment in a broad perspective. It aims to develop in children biological, psychological, social and physical skills, using their creativity, expressiveness and conscience of aesthetic values, as well as moral and ethical, incorporating artistic fields of educational dancing, drama, fine arts and music. "

Miguel Laranjo

If you wish to discover the Museo Atlántico you must do so with a certified diving company. Diving companies have EDG-trained instructors (Eco Diver Guides).

For further information visit museoatlantico@centrosturisticos.com




Tubular cactus growth
credits Sculpture: Jason deCaires Taylor


Jason deCaires Taylor has created mysterious underwater worlds where art evolves as a consequence of the effects of nature. Greek mythology already used the ocean as a metaphor for the origins of humanity, embryonic waters, where gods such as Zeus and Aphrodite were born. Humans have developed surrounded by two third parts of a relatively unknown surface. In the context of arts, this underwater world has been physically untouchable to date, impossible to experiment with in its true essence. A gravity that is watery and private at once. A connection between humans and nature, present in the work of the artist, with a romantic and apocalyptic touch that questions our future.





Selfie growth
credits Sculpture: Jason deCaires Taylor


Goals school curricula:


  • Develop environmental and artistic culture; 

  • Raise awareness of social problem: refugees in Europe;

  • Promote other educational areas and methodologies in the school curricula, through a multidisciplinary perspective. 

  • Create working habits (individual and in group) among students and stimulating research;

  • Promote attitude and behaviour changes;

  • Alert to the urgency of a sustained and sustainable environment through correct environmental habits. 

Target:

Primary to Secondary education.




Rubicon growth
credits Sculpture: Jason deCaires Taylor


Resources for Teachers:
  • Images:
Selected works

  • Videos:














As a teacher who made some school educational field trips in Spring holiday and Summer holiday, I know how students love these activities. 

I could experience the enthusiasm and encouragement, cultural, linguistic and environment skills learning of such a methodology.

As a trainer teahers who help practicioners, teachers to learn how to improve their own instructional practices and how to improve their lessons with creativity, I know how these activities may enriched their lessons.

Field trips are often an integral part of instructional practices and greatly benefit. Students learning by allowing them to engage with real-world environments. 

Information:  The digital resources and tools published on this blog are my own choice. I don't do endorsements or advertising.

G-Souto

10.01.2017
Copyright © 2017G-Souto'sBlog, gsouto-digitalteacher.blogspot.com®

Creative Commons License
Schools : Museo Atlántico : Environment & Artistic Culture, underwater Museum bG-Souto is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.