Monday, March 20, 2017

Schools : Spring equinox is here !








When daisies pied and violets blue
   And lady-smocks all silver-white
And cuckoo-buds of yellow hue
   Do paint the meadows with delight, (...)

William Shakespeare, Spring

Oh! Yes! Spring is in the air! Today is the Vernal equinox wich maks the beginning of the Spring season in the Northern Hemisphere, where I liveThe daffodils are blooming, blossom is on the trees, birds are singing and Easter is coming, and lambing season will soon be getting underway.

This year, the vernal (or spring) equinox takes place on Monday, March 20, 10:29 (GMT).
After this point, the days will get longer and the nights will get shorter until the summer solstice on June 21, when the pattern will reverse.
Spring equinox when the day and night are equal in length. The word equinox comes from the Latin for equal and night. Almost everywhere in the world today, nighttime and daytime are each 12 hours. 

We use the equinox to mark the change of seasons, as the balance of light shifts to make for longer days or nights. 

Google is celebrating with lovely Doodles (I love Doodles as you know) the arrival of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and fall in the Southern Hemisphere.



Google doodle spring equinox

For users living north of the equator, Google's homepage features an animated short doodle starring a mouse waking up to grab a yellow flower from outside to display inside his underground home.



Google doodle fall equinox

For those living south of the equator, Google's homepage display's a similar animated short doodle with the mouse now venturing outside to jump into a pile of leaves before returning home to enjoy a warm cup of tea.
"We use the equinox to mark the change of seasons, as the balance of light shifts to make for longer days or nights. It usually means that it's time to hunker down for colder seasons, or time to rise and shine for warmer ones, as in the case of our furry friend the mouse!"
Google doodle team


Ostara (1884) by Johannes Gehrts
https://en.wikipedia.org/
Traditions:

For Pagans and Druids, the spring equinox is a time to celebrate the second Wheel of the Year – a series of four festivals celebrated annually. It is the time of the ancient Saxon goddess Eostre, who represents new beginnings and fertility.

Stonehenge one of the wonders of the world and the best-known prehistoric monument in Europe, is open from the start of the equinox until 8:30am, to allow Druids and Pagans to gather and see the sun rise above the ancient stones.



credits: Getty Images
https://www.thesun.co.uk/
Druids, Wiccans and other neopagans celebrate the ancient Saxon goddess Eostre, who symbolises fertility and new beginnings.

The goddess flies through the heavens surrounded by Roman-inspired putti, beams of light, and animals. Germanic people look up at the goddess from the realm below.

Some people argue that the Ostara tradition comes from ancient Celtic and Saxon spring holidays – which were later merged with the Christian festival of Easter.
Others reckon these neopagan holidays are modern creations.
Whichever the truth, many religions celebrate holidays at the time of the year, including the Hindu Holi festival of colours, Jewish Purim, Sikh Hola Mohalla and Christian Easter.

Some notes:
When we talk about the beginning of spring or any other season, we are usually talking about the day in our calendars that mark this date. 
This refers to the astronomical seasons which are a result of the Earth's axis and orbit around the sun.
There is a difference between astronomical seasons and meteorological seasons.
  • Astronomical seasons refer to the position of Earth's orbit in relation to the sun taking into account equinoxes and solstices. 
  • Meteorological seasons are instead based on the annual temperature cycle and measure the meteorological state as well as coinciding with the calendar to determine a clear transition between the seasons.
Since the astronomical seasons vary in length, the start date of a new season can fall on different days each year. 
This makes it difficult to compare seasons between different years and resulted in the introduction of the meteorological calendar. 
This splits the calendar into four seasons of approximately the same length. The astronomical seasons run approximately three weeks later than those of the meteorological calendar.
But let's watch National Geographic explanation about equinoxes on the video below:



The 2017 vernal equinox arrived on March 20 at 10:29 UTC, 10:29 GMT. In the Northern Hemisphere, we’re enjoying earlier sunrises, later sunsets, softer winds, sprouting plants. Meanwhile, the opposite season, later sunrises, earlier sunset, chillier winds, dry and falling leaves, south of the equator. 
For all of us, the moon will be at the last quarter phaseLast quarter moon comes on March 20, 2017. That’s the day of the 2017 vernal equinox.
A last quarter moon looks half-illuminated. It rises around midnight, appears at its highest in the sky at dawn, and sets around noon. 
Fun time to see a last quarter moon: just after it rises, shortly after midnight. Then the lighted portion points downward, to the sun below your feet. Great time to think of yourself in the three-dimensional world of outer space!



credits: NASA

And of course to visit NASA website Celestial Geometry: Equinoxes and Eclipses will be very interesting to learn more about the equinoxes. 

Children's books:



The Spring Equinox, Celebrating the Greening of the Earth
Ellen Jackson
 illustratations: Jan Davey Ellis (Ages 4+)

A non-fiction exploration of the Spring Equinox and vernal celebrations throughout the world. 
At the end there is a story of Ostara, the Anglo-Saxon goddess of the dawn and springtime, and a handful of traditional activities, crafts, and recipes.
Ages: +4


Spring Thaw
Steven Schnur
 illustration Stacey Schuett
A lyrical exploration of the arrival of spring on a farm. Highly descriptive language highlights the small, subtle signs that spring is nearing. Unlike many season books, there is insight into the human experience and preparations for the awakening of the earth.  Painterly, impasto illustrations  reveal the rural world alluded to in the text.
Ages: +3


Goose Moon
Carolyn Arden
illustratation: Jim Postier 
A young girl has grown tired of the quiet, indoor winter entertainment and is eager for the spring. One night, her grandfather wakes her to see that the geese have returned from their winter migration. A heart-warming, inter-generational tale that celebrates the quiet, subtle signs nature gives.
Ages: +3





Education:

Do you need more interesting facts to share with your students ? Spring time, equinoxes, and traditions? 

Students may do some research about these themes around Spring equinox. Sciences and literature two school curriculum that can join on trans-curricular project (activities and so). For Celtic Literature.

Curricula: Sciences; Languages.

Level : Primary education; Secondary Education.

Teachers must adapt the activities to the levels they are teaching.

Wishing all a Happy Spring time!

G-Souto
20.03.2017
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Schools : Spring equinox is here ! by G-Souto is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

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