Monday, July 24, 2017

Summer holiday... for few days !

Good morning from the north of PortugalPerfect summer day admiring the sea  in front on me and the country side behind. Enjoying every bit.

Wherever you are I hope that you're having a great time too.

Despite my best efforts to slow down time, only today I could go out for a summer break! Only few days...

Summer break is obviously one of the best things humankind has ever come up with, I am excited! It's my 'first' break of this summer. 

I will be going to the beach in the morning, revisiting the beautiful little town in the afternoon, taking a coffee on a terrace, walking.

At night, I'm be going to a concert and practicing some yoga outdoors other night observing the the moon. Wow! Wonderful activities.

I will tell you later my short break summer.
 I've done.

I'll be back to posting the normal Roundup in a next weekend.



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Friday, July 21, 2017

Education : Marshall McLuhan, a reference in school teaching

Marshall McLuhan
credits: Yousuf Karsh

"Long before we started looking to our screens for all the answers, Marshall McLuhan saw the internet coming - and predicted just how much impact it would have."

Today 21st July, Google celebrates the 106th brithday of Marshall McLuhan with a eye-catched animated Doodle. The Doodle illustrates this theory by showing how McLuhan viewed human history. 

Google Doodle Marshall McLuhan’s 106th Birthday

He saw it through the lens of 4 distinct eras: the acoustic age, the literary age, the print age, and the electronic age

Marshall McLuhan
The Gutenberg Galaxy

His first major book, The Gutenberg Galaxy (1962), I read it and study his ideas in my days of College as a student, popularized the term “global village”: the idea that technology brings people together and allows everyone the same access to information. He 'predicted the internet' 30 years before.

Decades later, Google honores the man whose prophetic vision of the “computer as a research and communication instrument” has undeniably become a reality.

Marshall McLuhan

Who was Marshall McLuhan?

The Canadian philosopher and professor born in 1911 specialised in media theory, McLuhan came to prominence in the 1960s, just as TV was becoming part of everyday life. 
At the center of his thinking was the idea that society is shaped by technology and the way information is shared.
His first major book, The Gutenberg Galaxy (1962), I read it and study his ideas in my days of College as a student, popularized the term “global village”: the idea that technology brings people together and allows everyone the same access to information. 
He wrote: “The next medium, whatever it is - it may be the extension of consciousness—will include television as its content, not as its environment, and will transform television into an art form."

Marshall McLuhan
In Understanding Media (1964), McLuhan further examined the transformative effects of technology and coined his famous phrase:
 “The medium is the message.” 
He believed that the way in which someone receives information is more influential than the information itself. 

Understanding Media (1964)
Marshall McLuhan
"In his book, McLuhan analyzes traditional forms of media, such as film, radio, print books, and television, but also analyzes platforms that might be considered less orthodox forms of media, such as games, houses, money, clocks, and automobiles, arguing that nearly any object with which man interacts (especially various forms of technology) shapes how he perceives the world, and, in turn how he communicates with others."

Marshall McLuhan, 1966
credits: Bettmann/Corbis
Throughout the '60s and '70s, McLuhan made frequent TV appearances to share his theories with both followers and skeptics.
McLuhan, who died in 1980, is also credited with predicting the world wide web 30 years before it was invented. 


McLuhan has been one of the biggest influences on my thinking about the use of broadcasing and new technology for teaching.

Teaching languages on TV School (80's for a decade) it became clear as I started to collect data on students’ responses to the TV School programs that something odd was going on. 

 “Any moment of television provides more data than could be recorded in a dozen pages of prose” 

McLuhan, 1964, p. 52

TV education
credits: NASA

Students responded much more emotionally to the TV School lessons than to the printed course activities. It was clear that the TV School students (most were young adults) responded quite differentially to concrete or abstract representations of knowledge, to print and to television for study purposes. So when television started to be used for secondary teaching(high junior schools).

"Print culture, ushered in by the Gutenberg press in the middle of the fifteenth century, brought about the cultural predominance of the visual over the aural/oral. [This has resulted in] the ingraining of lineal, sequential habits, but, even more important, … the visual homogenizing of experience of print culture, and the relegation of auditory and other sensuous complexity to the background." […] 

 McLuhan, in Tthe Gutenberg Galaxy

The medium was used quite differently from print (and in my view very appropriately), and for many of our students this was what they would like in education to be. So we as teachers were excited by the teaching possibilities of television and contributed greatly to the design and new ideas of the lschool programs.

Education Elementaries 

And I tourned out those data and experience to the Internet education when I left TV school and I went back to face-to-face teaching including blended learning into curriculum.

So, I could wirte these words:

“Today, the ordinary child lives in an electronic environment; he lives in a world of information overload” 

McLuhan, 1964b, p. 52

Here my tribute to the author who open me to my mind to the new world of the TV and later the Internet. I realized how successful was their role in education. I explored new technologies in 2001, e-learning platform, videos, games, social networkings. So I'm convinced that different educational 'medium' must be protect and explored.

"It’s a long time since I last read McLuhan. He’s one of those authors often quoted but rarely read in the original these days. As a result, I’ll probably go to the library and try to re-read him again."

Tony Bates, 2011



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Sunday, July 16, 2017

Let's talk ! Oxford English Dictionary : new entries 2017

Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the accepted authority on the English language, providing an unsurpassed "guide to the meaning, history, and pronunciation of more than 280,000 entries – past and present – from across the English-speaking world."

As a historical dictionary, the OED is very different from Dictionaries of current English, in which the focus is on present-day meanings. 
We'll still find present-day meanings in the OED, but we’ll also find the history of individual words, and of the language—traced through 3 million quotations, from classic literature and specialist periodicals to film scripts and cookery books.

Oxford English Dictionary
The OED started life more than 150 years ago. Today, the dictionary is in the process of its first major revision. 
Updates revise and extend the OED at regular intervals, each time subtly adjusting our image of the English language. The last one in June 2017, another one in March 2017.

What's New?

More than 600 new words, phrases, and senses have been added to the Oxford English Dictionary in June 2017 including bug chaser, chantoosiegin daisy, and widdly. 

Ute Lemper, German chantoosie

Teachers & Linguistic:
You can read about other new and revised meanings in the article by Katherine Connor Martin, Head of US Dictionaries, and explore OED timeline of veil words.
As this update also includes revisions to the word come, Denny Hilton, Senior Editor of the OED, explores the evolution of the term to come out in release notes

You can also review your serve - or your backhand or volley - in OED discussion of tennis terms.
Selected Letters of Norman Mailer (2014, edited by J. Michael Lennon) has recently been read as part of the OED’s reading programme, and the letters have provided several antedatings and some interesting insights into the challenges of finding evidence for swear words in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. You can read about this here.

*Don't forget to explore my post English Dictionaries Oxford & Collins (January 2017.
When work began on the Philological Society’s proposed new English dictionary in the 1850s, the modern game of tennis did not exist. At that time, ‘tennis’ referred to what we now know as real tennis or (in North America) court tennis, a ball game of French origin played since medieval times on a purpose-built roofed oblong court. 

Henry V
William Shakespeare

This game had made its own impression on the English language and its literature: perhaps most famously, Henry V, in a scene immortalized by Shakespeare, is said:

And tell the pleasant Prince this mock of his
Hath turned his balls to gunstones, and his soul
Shall stand sore chargèd for the wasteful vengeance
That shall fly from them….

Act I, scene ii, Henry V

In the throne room of the royal palace in England, King Henry V prepares to speak with a delegation of ambassadors from France, after have received a mocking ‘gift’ of tennis balls from the Dauphin of France with the suggestion that playing tennis was a more suitable occupation for him than making war. Henry did not take this well. 

Most of the tennis-related items that have now been added to Oxford English Dictionary Online reflect the changes and developments in the game in the twentieth century, of which the most important is professionalization.

Some other entries 2017:

Kodak moment
Some of them seem to be rather late additions - Kodak moment and sausage party - but others might become part of your daily lexicon.

They include zyzzyva, a genus of tropical weevils native to South America. The word replaces zythum - an ancient Egyptian malt beer - as the OED's final entry.


Zyzzyva is a genus of tropical weevils often found in palm trees in South America. According to the OED, the word should be pronounced Ziziva

The word, which will now become the final listed among the 826,000 entries in the English language according to the OED, has previously appeared in a number of other dictionaries and will now finally receive recognition.


And other new words have been added, including cringey, bronde and yas.

Aquafaba, n.


The culinary world always serves up a feast of new terminology, and the latest spread is no disappointment. The new menu ranges from the healthy - such as superfruit, a term used to refer to fruits considered to be particularly beneficial—to the markedly less healthy - such as shoestring fries, also known as shoestring potatoes, which are French fries sliced extremely thinly. If you order the Cuban sandwich frita (from the feminine of Spanish frito meaning ‘fried’), you’ll find a handful of these fries in addition to seasoned pork and beef. Should you require something a little more vegan, perhaps you’ll be tempted by aquafaba, a substitute for egg whites used in vegan cooking, with a name that translates from Latin to ‘water-bean’. This name is a reference to the substance’s origins as the water in which chickpeas, or other pulses, have been cooked. Other words 

4Freecycle, n.

The Environment:

With certain foods (such as courgettes) becoming less available in the UK due to poor crops, the environment has been on everyone’s mind here, though likely it weighs heavier on the minds of climate refugees—this term refers to those forced to leave their home due to the effects of climate change rendering it unsafe or uninhabitable. More words

Flyboarding, n.


One of the latest water sports that’s defined by our online dictionary is flyboarding, in which a person travels through the air—in an act that looks suspiciously like flying—using a board propelled by jets of water. Granted, the flyboard is attached to a jet ski, but this is a good-sized step closer to the forms of transport I’ve always expected the 21st century to offer us.

To skitch, v.

Thrill-seekers on the hunt for a way of levelling up their commute might choose to skitch: this word is a blend of skate or ski and hitch, and refers to the activity of ‘hitching’ onto a motor vehicle while riding a bike, skateboard, etc. so as to travel at greater speeds, not always giving the driver any warning of your intentions. Possibly not the safest way... More words

New vocabulary OED
 Picture: Shutterstock/Ella Byworth

Other new entries:

Meet-cute, n.

meet-cute (noun):(in a film or television programme) an amusing or charming first encounter between two characters that leads to the development of a romantic relationship between them.

In romantic comedies and Disney movies, the protagonists tend to meet in the most adorable of ways.

Hackfest, n.

Hackfest, noun: an event dedicated to sharing information about computer programming. Make sure you’ve understood the invite though, because hackfest can also refer to a period of frenzied violence. In this sense, it differs…

web tablet

web tablet, noun: new computing tool.  With the introduction of the iPhone in 2007, and the iPad in 2010 now both used in the classroom, education began to change. For good!

Scratch, noun: a free programming language and online community where students can create their own interactive stories, games, and animations.

Eminem, rapper
credits: Christopher Polk/ AFP

Stan, noun: an obsessed fan. Ten years later, Stan enters in OED. You don't know why? Read here

Well, it's a long list! See a full list of new words, subentries, and senses added in this update.

  • Resources: 

  • New feature:  Interactive surfing timeline
  • Explore the OED interactive surfing timeline to see when surfing words entered the English language. 

Resources online: Students

*Don't forget to explore my post English Dictionaries Oxford & Collins (January 2017.

Young people are probably the most creative agents for new words because they’re not held back by convention, for sure.
‘Young people are the real artists of the language and a dictionary should reflect that."

David Swarbrick, managing director at Chambers, 2015

Our students suprises us every day with new words. They often are the new 'linguistics' of the XXI century.

Without young people and new technology, languages would be 'death languages'. 

If so, no excuse for students! They don't appreciate to use the dictionary. But dictionaries are imperative resources to understan what they are reading or writing.

It's a vast and very useful educational tool for students, in this case OED, to learn and understand the English language, English literature, history, law, and many other subjects.

The dictionary encourages knowledge, curiosity and vocabulary skills.

Teachers can place holder sheets practices to be used by younger students according to their learning level. 

There are interesting resources to practice the English language.

Be stan of a dictionary (native language and foreign languages. And don't skitch...

Note: The digital resources and educational tools published on this blog are my own free choice. I don't do endorsements or advertising.
Copyright © 2017G-Souto'sBlog,®

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Let's talk ! Oxford English Dictionary, new entries 2017 bG-Souto is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.